Gospel Music News https://gospelmusic-lyrics.com True Gospel Music Stories Sat, 20 Apr 2019 15:20:25 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.4.4 Feds say marijuana ties could prevent immigrants from getting US citizenship https://gospelmusic-lyrics.com/feds-say-marijuana-ties-could-prevent-immigrants-from-getting-us-citizenship/ https://gospelmusic-lyrics.com/feds-say-marijuana-ties-could-prevent-immigrants-from-getting-us-citizenship/#respond Sat, 20 Apr 2019 15:20:25 +0000 https://gospelmusic-lyrics.com/feds-say-marijuana-ties-could-prevent-immigrants-from-getting-us-citizenship/

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) released new guidance Friday saying that working in the marijuana industry, even in areas where it is legal, could prevent immigrants from attaining citizenship.

The agency noted that while several states and the District of Columbia have legalized marijuana at medical and recreational levels, federal law still classifies the drug as a “Schedule 1” controlled substance.

“USCIS is issuing policy guidance in the USCIS Policy Manual to clarify that violations of federal controlled substance law, including violations involving marijuana, are generally a bar to establishing good moral character for naturalization, even where that conduct would not be an offense under state law,” the agency wrote.

“The policy guidance also clarifies that an applicant who is involved in certain marijuana-related activities may lack good moral character if found to have violated federal law, even if such activity has been decriminalized under applicable state laws,” USCIS added, writing that manufacturing, distributing or possessing marijuana could “lead to immigration consequences.”

A USCIS spokesperson reiterated in a statement to The Hill that the agency “is required to adjudicate cases based on federal law.”

“Individuals who commit federal controlled substance violations face potential immigration consequences under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), which applies to all foreign nationals regardless of the state or jurisdiction in which they reside,” they added.

The new guidance comes as the Trump administration has leaned into its hardline positions on immigration amid a shakeup of the Department of Homeland Security’s senior ranks, with President TrumpDonald John TrumpGrassroots America shows the people support Donald Trump Trump speaks to rebel Libyan general attacking Tripoli Dem lawmaker: Mueller report shows ‘substantial body of evidence’ on obstruction MORE mulling an overhaul of the asylum process and threatening to close the border with Mexico.

“I don’t think this is about marijuana at all,” Michael Collins, national affairs director of the Drug Policy Alliance, told NBC News. “I think this is about them using the war on drugs to go after migrant community and that’s what they’ve been doing since Day 1.”

The guidance also comes as support for marijuana legalization rises across the country. A poll released Friday found that 65 percent of Americans believe that pot should be legalized, including 56 percent of Republicans.

Updated at 9:48 a.m.

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N.J. wont be getting legal weed soon. Heres what went wrong. https://gospelmusic-lyrics.com/n-j-wont-be-getting-legal-weed-soon-heres-what-went-wrong/ https://gospelmusic-lyrics.com/n-j-wont-be-getting-legal-weed-soon-heres-what-went-wrong/#respond Tue, 26 Mar 2019 04:19:35 +0000 http://gospelmusic-lyrics.com/n-j-wont-be-getting-legal-weed-soon-heres-what-went-wrong/

EDITOR’S NOTE: Entrepreneurs everywhere are eyeing the billion-dollar legal weed industry, an economic opportunity unrivaled in modern N.J. history. NJ Cannabis Insider features exclusive weekly content geared toward those interested in the marijuana industry. View a sample issue.

New Jersey’s governor supports legalizing weed. The state’s legislative leaders support legalizing weed. And 60 percent of the Garden State’s residents support legalizing weed.

But state leaders failed Monday to turn that support into action, calling off a historic vote in the state Legislature on a bill that would have legalized pot for adults 21 and older.

It came down to the absolute last minute, with Gov. Phil Murphy and his fellow Democrats who lead the Legislature continuing to scramble to gather votes for the measure — a signature part of Murphy’s platform. That was after the leaders worked hard behind the scenes for days trying to sing support.

But by early Monday afternoon, it was clear they would not be able to muster enough votes in the state Senate.

So Senate President Stephen Sweeney, D-Gloucester, canceled the vote, further delaying the possibility of legal weed in the state.

With so much support, how does this happen? Here are several reasons why.

Not a lot of time to swing votes

Less than two weeks separated the release of the latest legalization bill and Monday’s planned vote. It was only a week ago that the bill advanced out of legislative committees and when Murphy really started burning up the phone lines.

As it turned out, not enough lawmakers — from either major political party — were sold on legalization, and there just wasn’t enough time to change their minds.

Some sources told NJ Advance Media on Monday said the Senate was just a single vote away from the 21 votes needed to pass the bill. But legislative sources said that count was too optimistic.

“We were really close today,” said Scott Rudder, president of the New Jersey CannaBusiness Association. “I think where some people had concerns dealt with the process. Some people felt it was rushed.”

Too many staunch ‘no’ votes from Democrats

From nearly the first day of Murphy’s push for legalization, several Democratic senators said they would be voting “no” on legal weed. Those include Richard Codey, D-Essex; Fred Madden, D-Gloucester; Ronald Rice, D-Essex; and Shirley Turner, D-Mercer. Others came out against legalization more recently, like Dawn Marie Addiego, D-Burlington, and James Beach, D-Camden.

For some critics, there’s a generational divide. Some consider marijuana a “gateway drug.” Some are concerned about public safety — after all, Madden and Rice are former cops. Some are worried about the negative impact on communities of color.

Without those votes, the path to the 21 votes needed in the Senate became treacherous.

Murphy and Sweeney either needed to swing some of those votes or get some Republicans on board, and they couldn’t get enough of either.

Both houses of the Democratic-controlled Legislature — the Senate and Assembly — need to pass the measure for Murphy to sign it into law.

Assembly Speaker Craig Coughlin, D-Middlesex, told NJ Advance Media the bill would have passed his chamber had they put it up for a vote.

But sources said the Assembly had no plans to do that if the Senate didn’t have enough support — especially because all 80 seats in the lower chamber are up for grabs in November’s election.

Gov. Phil Murphy speaks at a news conference in Trenton on Monday.

Michael Mancuso | NJ Advance Med

Gov. Phil Murphy speaks at a news conference in Trenton on Monday.

Last-minute changes to the bill threw off some lawmakers

During the legislative committee hearings last week, discussion on marijuana was delayed for hours as lawmakers worked behind the scenes to beef up the expungement language in a bill that would expunge the records of thousands of people with pot convictions in the state.

When debate picked up again, Republican lawmakers seemed shocked to find out that the bill would allow people who had convictions for possessing up to five pounds of marijuana to have their record cleared.

State Sen. Kip Bateman, R-Somerset, who had been seen as a potential “yes” vote, seemed particularly aggrieved by that expungement language and last week said he would not support legalization.

“The decision by legislative leaders to cancel today’s planned votes on marijuana legalization is reflective of the significant concerns that exist among both Republicans and Democrats with current proposals,” Bateman said in a statement.

“I truly believe there is bipartisan support for significant marijuana reforms, including the expansion of our medical marijuana program and decriminalizing the possession of small amounts of marijuana,” he added. “Unfortunately, we were presented an all or nothing proposition on some poorly structured bills, which doomed the potential for achieving significant marijuana reform from the start.”

A Democratic senator who was planning to vote “yes” on legalization told NJ Advance Media the expungement changes came too late in the process.

Leaders weren’t as into legalization as the governor

For Murphy, legal weed has always been one of his big-ticket items. Sweeney and Coughlin — New Jersey’s two most powerful state lawmakers — joined the governor in support. But they considered legalization to be Murphy’s priority first and foremost, according to multiple sources close to them.

Thus, neither the Senate president nor the Assembly speaker were willing to expend too much political capital to capture legislative support for legal weed, said one source close to the debate but who wasn’t able to speak publicly on the issue.

Sweeney on Monday deflected criticism that he could have leaned harder on some senators to vote “yes” — especially a group of South Jersey Democratic allies who were against the bill or on the fence.

“This vote is not like a regular vote,” Sweeney said. “It’s a very tough, difficult vote. When you’re doing big things, it takes time.”

Murphy’s troubles with the Legislature continue

There was also the question of whether Murphy, 14 months into his tenure, would whip up support in a Legislature with which he’s sometimes had a rocky relationship. Some insiders have criticized Murphy in his first year for not being able to navigate the tricky, often cutthroat politics of Trenton.

Sources also said Murphy, a tried-and-true progressive, wasn’t willing to become too “transactional” in this matter — in other words, trading something to get votes. He largely tried to sell the bill on its merits.

But just hours after the vote was scuttled, Murphy, Sweeney, and Coughlin all appeared at a news conference in Trenton together and stressed they are working together to make the bill become law.

“This was a true partnership among the three of us,” Coughlin said.

What happens now?

Based on what Murphy and Sweeney have said over the past couple of weeks, it could be many months before legalization returns to Trenton.

But hope remains that the Legislature could revisit legalization before the June 30 deadline for the next state budget to be passed. Some sources said a May vote in a possibility.

Murphy said Monday “sooner is better than later.”

“Certainly, I’m disappointed, but we are not defeated,” the governor said.

Murphy, Sweeney, and Coughlin said they will now evaluate what went wrong and see what changes need to be made to bring enough lawmakers to the fold.

“This wasn’t a defeat,” Sweeney said. “It’s a pause.”

NJ Advance Media staff writers Susan K. Livio, Samantha Marcus, Ted Sherman, and Justin Zaremba contributed to this report.

Payton Guion may be reached at PGuion@njadvancemedia.com. Follow him on Twitter @PaytonGuion.

Brent Johnson may be reached at bjohnson@njadvancemedia.com. Follow him on Twitter @johnsb01.

Matt Arco may be reached at marco@njadvancemedia.com. Follow him on Twitter @MatthewArco or Facebook. Find NJ.com Politics on Facebook.

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Two years after voters approved it, Florida legalizes smoking medical marijuana https://gospelmusic-lyrics.com/two-years-after-voters-approved-it-florida-legalizes-smoking-medical-marijuana/ https://gospelmusic-lyrics.com/two-years-after-voters-approved-it-florida-legalizes-smoking-medical-marijuana/#respond Tue, 19 Mar 2019 21:24:00 +0000 http://gospelmusic-lyrics.com/two-years-after-voters-approved-it-florida-legalizes-smoking-medical-marijuana/

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nx3c!– Rubicon Project Ad Tag –x3en




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John Boehner Was Once Unalterably Opposed To Marijuana. He Now Wants It To Be Legal https://gospelmusic-lyrics.com/john-boehner-was-once-unalterably-opposed-to-marijuana-he-now-wants-it-to-be-legal/ https://gospelmusic-lyrics.com/john-boehner-was-once-unalterably-opposed-to-marijuana-he-now-wants-it-to-be-legal/#respond Sun, 17 Mar 2019 01:20:45 +0000 http://gospelmusic-lyrics.com/john-boehner-was-once-unalterably-opposed-to-marijuana-he-now-wants-it-to-be-legal/

Former speaker of the house John Boehner has emerged as one of the most vocal advocates in the GOP for legalizing marijuana. Above, Boehner answers questions at the U.S. Capitol on December 5, 2013.

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Former speaker of the house John Boehner has emerged as one of the most vocal advocates in the GOP for legalizing marijuana. Above, Boehner answers questions at the U.S. Capitol on December 5, 2013.

Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images

John Boehner has been known to enjoy the occasional adult beverage. He famously nicknamed his negotiations over raising the nation’s debt ceiling in 2011 the “Nicorettes and Merlot sessions.” Nicorette because that’s what President Obama would chew during the talks. Merlot because that was the drink of choice for the former Speaker of the House.

These days, the Ohio Republican has expanded his view of what should and should not count as a socially acceptable vice. He’s no longer just a wine enthusiast. Rather, he’s emerged as one of the most vocal advocates in the GOP for marijuana legalization.

To be sure, Boehner says he has never tried marijuana. “I’ve never used the product. I really have no plans to use the product,” he told host Michel Martin in an interview for NPR’s All Things Considered. “But if other people use the product,” Boehner said, “who am I to say they shouldn’t?”

His embrace of marijuana legalization marks a sharp reversal for Boehner since his time in Congress. In 1999, in his one and only vote on the issue, he voted to prohibit medicinal marijuana in Washington, D.C. In 2011, he wrote a constituent to say he was “unalterably opposed to the legalization of marijuana.”

But since his retirement in 2015, Boehner’s position has evolved. Last April, he joined the board of Acreage Holdings, a publicly-traded cannabis company based in New York. And on Friday, he appeared at the South by Southwest festival for a keynote on legalization.

“I feel like I’m like your average American who over the years began to look at this a little differently and I think over the last five years my position, it has kind of softened up and softened up,” Boehner said.

Part of this shift, he said, has been driven by conversations with veterans who have turned to marijuana to ease their suffering from chronic pain or post-traumatic stress disorder. However, due to federal prohibitions, efforts to study the drug as a possible alternative to opioids and anti-depressants have been hampered at the Department of Veterans Affairs.

“I started to reach out to some of my friends, neighbors and others,” Boehner said. “And I thought, ‘You know, there’s more interest in this than I would have guessed.’ “

Despite his about-face, Boehner said he had no regrets about his past position on the issue — in particular, what it meant for the criminal justice system. As Quartz reported last year, more than 400,000 people were arrested for marijuana sales or trafficking during his time as time as speaker from 2011 to 2015.

“I don’t have any regrets at all,” Boehner said. “I was opposed to the use of it. The whole criminal justice part of this, frankly, it never crossed my mind.”

Boehner’s reversal has mirrored a wider shift in the nation at-large. Today, 34 states and the District of Columbia have approved the use of marijuana for either medical or recreational purposes, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures.

In October, a Pew Research Center survey found that 62 percent of Americans said the use of marijuana should be legalized. When Pew asked the same question in 2010, just 41 percent of Americans were in favor.

Within Boehner’s own party, support is more tepid. In the Pew survey, just 45 percent of Republicans felt marijuana should be legal.

Asked about attitudes within the GOP, Boehner said, “States have spoken up, and I think even Republicans in Congress would recognize it’s time for Washington to get out of the way.”

Boehner said that a proposal introduced in the Senate by Elizabeth Warren, D-Mass., and Cory Gardner, R-Colo., “would solve a lot of problems for companies trying to operate” in states where marijuana is now legal. The measure, known as the STATES Act, would protect marijuana users and businesses in these states from federal interference.

He said the Food and Drug Administration should also reconsider its classification of marijuana as a Schedule I drug. The classification, which puts marijuana in the same category as heroin and LSD, has stymied efforts to study the potential health benefits of the drug.

Boehner said he’s not fazed by this relative lack of research, or by concerns that legalization would make it easier for heavy users to abuse the drug.

“It can be used to excess, and likely will,” he said. “But that doesn’t mean that we should take wine or liquor off the market, or beer or cigarettes for that matter. And I do think that by decriminalizing, you’re going to open up a lot more research so we can learn more about the 4,000 year history of the use of this plant.”

This story was produced and edited for broadcast by Dustin DeSoto, Lilly Quiroz and Martha Wexler.

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Cory Booker and 2020 rivals back legalizing pot https://gospelmusic-lyrics.com/cory-booker-and-2020-rivals-back-legalizing-pot/ https://gospelmusic-lyrics.com/cory-booker-and-2020-rivals-back-legalizing-pot/#respond Fri, 01 Mar 2019 01:19:16 +0000 http://gospelmusic-lyrics.com/cory-booker-and-2020-rivals-back-legalizing-pot/

Sen. Cory Booker introduced a bill Thursday that would legalize marijuana nationwide.

Titled the Marijuana Justice Act, the bill is being co-sponsored by other candidates seeking the 2020 Democratic presidential nomination, including Sens. Elizabeth Warren, Bernie Sanders, Kamala Harris and Kirsten Gillibrand.

“The War on Drugs has not been a war on drugs, it’s been a war on people, and disproportionately people of color and low-income individuals,”Booker said in a press release. “The Marijuana Justice Act seeks to reverse decades of this unfair, unjust, and failed policy by removing marijuana from the list of controlled substances and making it legal at the federal level.”


In recent years, 10 states and Washington, D.C., have passed laws legalizing marijuana use for adults over the age of 21. A total of 33 states have passed laws legalizing the drug for medical use. But marijuana is still considered a Schedule 1 drug by the Drug Enforcement Agency, setting up an enforcement conflict between federal and state law enforcement agencies.

Two members of Congress from California, Rep. Ro Khanna and Rep. Barbara Lee, introduced the House version of the Marijuana Justice Act.

President Trump offered his support in February to a separate bill introduced by Warren and Sen. Cory Gardner, R-Colo., which seeks to block the federal government from enforcing federal drug charges in states that have legalized the drug.

An October poll by the Pew Research Center found that 62 percent of Americans now believe that marijuana should be legalized. An overwhelming 74 percent of millennial voters support doing so.


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2020 Democratic Presidential Hopefuls Support Marijuana Legalization Bill https://gospelmusic-lyrics.com/2020-democratic-presidential-hopefuls-support-marijuana-legalization-bill/ https://gospelmusic-lyrics.com/2020-democratic-presidential-hopefuls-support-marijuana-legalization-bill/#respond Thu, 28 Feb 2019 14:21:15 +0000 http://gospelmusic-lyrics.com/2020-democratic-presidential-hopefuls-support-marijuana-legalization-bill/

Sen. Cory Booker, D-N.J., is reintroducing a bill to make marijuana legal on the federal level, with the support of several other Senate Democrats running for president.

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Sen. Cory Booker, D-N.J., is reintroducing a bill to make marijuana legal on the federal level, with the support of several other Senate Democrats running for president.

Charlie Neibergall/AP

New Jersey Sen. Cory Booker, one of half a dozen Democratic senators running for the White House, is reintroducing a bill on Thursday that would fundamentally end the federal government’s prohibition on marijuana.

The Marijuana Justice Act, which was first introduced by Booker in August of 2017, seeks to make marijuana legal at the federal level by removing it from the list of controlled substances, while also expunging the convictions of previous marijuana drug offenders and reinvesting in low-income and minority communities that were particularly hard hit by the federal government’s war on drugs.

Some other senators running for president are co-sponsors of the legislation, including Sens. Kirsten Gillibrand, D-N.Y., Kamala Harris, D-Calif., Elizabeth Warren, D-Mass., and Bernie Sanders, I-Vt., as well as Oregon Sen. Jeff Merkley, who is considering a bid.

Two key senators from the Midwest are not listed as co-sponsors: Sen. Amy Klobuchar, D-Minn., who’s also running for president, and Sen. Sherrod Brown, D-Ohio, who is mulling a 2020 bid.

Ten states plus Washington, D.C., have legalized some amount of recreational marijuana, and 33 states plus D.C. allow medical marijuana.

Warren introduced a bipartisan piece of legislation last year with Sen. Cory Gardner, R-Colo., to prevent the federal prohibition on marijuana from applying to states that had already legalized it. But Booker’s legislation, which she supports, is a more sweeping change.

The bill is retroactive and would apply to people currently serving time for marijuana-related offenses.

The support for Booker’s proposal among fellow Senate Democrats vying for the White House is a sign of how much the party has shifted in recent years, and the degree to which candidates feel they need to bolster their progressive credentials in a crowded Democratic field.

It’s also an indication of the overall appetite for progressive policies in the 2020 Democratic primary race.

Sanders re-introduced the Raise the Wage Act last month, which would increase the federal minimum wage from $7.25 to $15 per hour. It was co-sponsored by nearly every Democratic senator considering a run for the presidency: Booker, Brown, Gillibrand, Harris, Klobuchar, Merkley and Warren.

Likewise, Booker, Gillibrand, Harris, Merkley and Warren were all co-sponsors of Sanders’ 2017 Medicare-for-all bill.

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African Gospel Music Lyrics https://gospelmusic-lyrics.com/african-gospel-music-lyrics/ https://gospelmusic-lyrics.com/african-gospel-music-lyrics/#respond Fri, 22 Feb 2019 08:07:48 +0000 http://gospelmusic-lyrics.com/?p=539 African American Gospel music is a form of euphoric, rhythmic, spiritual music rooted in the solo and responsive church singing of the African American South. Its development coincided with– and is germane to– the development of rhythm and blues.


Five recordings from Library of Congress collections

Gospel artist Mahalia Jackson. Photographs and prints Division, Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-120855.

During the 1930s, Gospel music emerged from the coalescing of three types of musical activity: a) the hymn style of Charles Albert Tindley (1851-1933) a Philadelphia minister who composed hymns based on negro spirituals, adding instrumental accompaniments, improvisation and “bluesified” seventh and third intervals; b) the minimalist, solo-sung “rural Gospel” tunes that appeared as a counterpart to the rural blues; and c) the uninhibited, exuberant worship style of the Holiness-Pentecostal branch of the Christian church.

” I know I’ve got religion,” sung by the Golden Jubilee Quartet in 1943, is an example of an old spiritual arranged for Gospel quartet. The use of a rocking beat in Gospel began in the 1940s, as the secular form of what came to be called rhythm and blues was also catching on. An example is “Death comes a knocking,” performed by the Four Brothers, also recorded by Willis James in 1943.

The genre continues to make an impact on the popular music today. Its influence can be heard in the work of many secular performers, from the folk stylings of Simon and Garfunkel to the soul outpourings of Adele.

Lead me to that rock
Sung by the Middle Georgia Four. Recorded by Louis Wade Jones, 1943.

We are Americans, Praise the Lord
Sung by Bertha Houston and congregation. An example of a World War II song sung in the Gospel style that was emerging in African American congregations at the time. Recorded by Willis James, 1943.

When many African American communities migrated from rural to urban life during the first half of the twentieth century, they brought their worship culture with them. Echoing the ways of the single-room churches of the agrarian South, the storefront churches of the northern cities became the key setting for the development of Gospel.

The precursor to black Gospel music is the African American spiritual, which had already been around for well over a century before Gospel music began its rise to popularity starting in the 1930s. Songs written by African American composers in the decades following emancipation that focused on biblical themes and often drew from spirituals were the source for the development of Gospel. An example is “De Gospel Cars,” by the popular composer Sam Lucas.

Eventually, Dorsey and Jackson’s vision spread through their alliance with a few likeminded musical pioneers to form of the National Convention of Gospel Choirs and Choruses, which is still thriving today.

The shift from spirituals to Gospel is evident in the recordings of African American religious songs recorded in the 1940s and 1930s. The Holloway High School Quartet of Murfreesboro, Tennessee, recorded by John W. Work, III in 1941, provides an example of a traditional spiritual arranged for four-part harmony in “Old ship of Zion,” The same group in the same recording session demonstrated the sound of Gospel, as they sang an updated version of an old spiritual, “Daniel saw the stone.”.

Oh, Jonah!
Performed by the Golden Jubilee Quartet. Recorded by Willis James, 1943.

Thomas Dorsey teamed up with vocalist Mahalia Jackson (1912 – 1972) who, like him, had been exposed during her formative years to the Baptist church and the sounds of blues artists like Bessie Smith (through an aunt’s record collection). Together, Dorsey and Jackson bypassed the establishment and took their new Christian sound to the street corners of Chicago and elsewhere around the country. Jackson sang Dorsey’s songs while the composer hawked copies of his sheet music.

The sound of slide guitar sound from Hawaii began to influence many genres of American music shortly after Hawaii became a US territory in 1898. A style of Gospel music, called “sacred steel,” emerged. View the concert starring Aubrey Ghent playing the sacred steel lap guitar.

From its beginnings, Gospel music challenged the existing church establishment. Because of its associations with the widely frowned-upon secular music styles of the era such as ragtime, blues, and jazz, black religious leaders originally rejected Dorsey’s approach.

Singers like Aretha Franklin had introduced Gospel style songs to the pop charts with songs like “Think” in 1968, church-centric Gospel music began to cross over into the mainstream following the release in 1969 of the recording of “O Happy Day” by the Edwin Hawkins Singers, a mixed-gender Gospel chorus based in the San Francisco Bay area. The song, which was based on a mid-eighteenth century English hymn sold more than a million copies in two months (well above average for a Gospel recording) and earned its composer, Edwin Hawkins (born 1943) his first of four Grammy Awards.

These days, Gospel songs are performed as solos or by large or small ensembles, and by men and women of all ages. Both whites and blacks sing the instrumentation and the repertoire possibilities are limitless, ranging from synthesizers and drums to full symphony orchestras. Hear, for example, Marion Williams’s 1992 recording of “Amazing Grace,”.

Death comes a-knocking
Performed by the Four Brothers. Recorded by Willis James, 1943.

Northern Kentucky Brotherhood Singers, performing at the Library of Congress, 2009 (webcast).
One of the few quartet groups that still performs Gospel a capella.

During its early development, Gospel music featured simple piano and organ accompaniment. Originally these groups sang a cappella spirituals, but started switching to the Gospel repertoire in the 1930s.

The precursor to black Gospel music is the African American spiritual, which had already been around for well over a century before Gospel music began its rise to popularity starting in the 1930s. Referred to today as the father of Gospel Music, Dorsey pioneered the form in Chicago. During its early development, Gospel music featured simple piano and organ accompaniment. A style of Gospel music, called “sacred steel,” emerged. Since Hawkins, other artists have emerged, taking Gospel music well beyond the black church.

Referred to today as the father of Gospel Music, Dorsey pioneered the form in Chicago. Before devoting his career to the development of Gospel, Dorsey, the son of a Georgia Baptist preacher, was a prolific blues and jazz composer and pianist.

Since Hawkins, other artists have emerged, taking Gospel music well beyond the black church. Today’s Gospel songs are more harmonically complex than their traditional counterparts. Prominent names in the contemporary Gospel field include Andrae Crouch, Take 6, The New York Community Choir and the Cultural Heritage Choir.

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